Ngữ pháp

Will have done và Was going to

05:07 | 21/02/2017

A.    Will have done

Chúng ta sử dụng will have + quá khứ phân từ (thì tương lai hoàn thành) để diễn tả một sự việc nào đó sẽ hoàn thành ở tương lai. Sarah đang nghĩ đến một thời điểm ở tương lai (8h30). Vào lúc 8h30 cô ấy có thể nói là “I have finished”.

Dưới đây là một vài ví dụ khác:

I like looking at these pictures, but I'll have had enough by lunch-time.
Trevor and Laura will have lived here for four years next April.
This chess game is going to last ages. They won't have finished it until midnight.
Will you have read this book by the time it's due back to the library? ~ Yes. I'll have finished it by then.

Thì tương lai hoàn thành thường được sử dụng để diễn tả về thời gian, ví dụ: by lunch-time, until midnight, before then,  by the time you have to take it back.

 

B.     Was going to      

Be going to ở dạng quá khứ được dùng để diễn tả một dự định trong quá khứ. Trevel đã dự định treo cái giá lên vào ngày hôm qua. Tuy nhiên những hành động đã dự định làm lại thường không xảy ra. Thực tế là Trevel không treo cái giá lên.

Dưới đây là một vài ví dụ khác:

/ was going to tidy the flat, but I didn't have time.
Daniel wasn't going to spend any money, but he saw a jacket he just had to buy.
The girls left early. They were going to catch the eight o'clock train.
So you went to the airport without a ticket. Where were you going to fly to?The woman walked away just as I was going to speak to her. (just as = at the moment when)

Was going to cũng được dùng để nói về những dự đoán trong quá khứ:
I knew something was going to go wrong with the plan.

Ngoài ra, would cũng có ý nghĩa tương tự như was going to:
I knew something would go wrong with the plan.

BÀI TẬP

1.     Paul muốn trở thành một họa sĩ. Anh ấy đang đọc thông tin về một họa sĩ nổi tiếng có tên Winston Plummer
Winston Plummer was a great artist, who had a wonderful career. He won lots of prizes before he was twenty. By the age of twenty-five he had had his own exhibition. He was the subject of a TV documentary by the time he was thirty. By the age of thirty-five he had become world-famous. He made millions of pounds from his pictures before he was forty.

 Paul đang mơ về sự nghiệp trong tương lai của anh ấy. Điền nội dung còn thiếu vào chỗ trống để nói những điều anh ấy đang nghĩ.

► I hope /'// have won lots of prizes before I'm twenty.

1. Perhaps …………………………………………………............ my own exhibition by the age of twenty-five.

2. I wonder if ......................................................................................... by the time I'm thirty.

3. Maybe ………………………………………………………………………….by the age of thirty-five.

4. I hope ...................................................................................................................... by the age of forty.

2.     Tính toán và viết câu trả lời vào chỗ trống theo mẫu

► It's quarter to six. Melanie is putting something in the oven.

It needs to be in the oven for an hour and a half. When will it have cooked? It

will have cooked at quarter past seven.

1. It's seven o'clock in the evening, and Andrew is starting to write an essay. He writes one page every

fifteen minutes. He plans to finish the essay at midnight. How many pages will he have written?

He will have written ............................... pages.

2. It's Monday morning, and Sarah is travelling to work. It's twenty miles from her home to the office.

How far will she have travelled to and from work by the time she gets home on Friday? ………………………………..

3. Matthew is doing press-ups — one every two seconds. How many will he have done after five minutes? ……………………………

   3.     S dụng was/were going to with these verbs: go, get, see, pick để hoàn thành các câu sau nói sau:

► The train left just as Mike was going to get on it.

1 I'm afraid the shop closed just as we……………………………….in.

2 The phone stopped ringing just as Melanie ........……………........ it up.

3 We …………………. ................ a film about the Mafia, but the tickets were sold out.

2.     Trevor thường xin lỗi khi anh ấy quên làm việc gì đó. Hoàn thành các câu sau nói về lời xin lỗi của Trevor:

         ► put up the shelves / not have any screws

       Sorry. I was going to put up the shelves, but I didn't have any screws.

        1 paint the door / not feel very well

        Sorry. ......................................................................................................

        2 repair the lamp / forget

       Oh, yes. …………………………………………………………………..

3       wallpaper the bedroom / not have time

       Well,.........................................................................................................

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