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BÀI 25: “WILL” VÀ “BE GOING TO”

07:14 | 21/12/2016

A.   Giới thiệu
Emma: It's my birthday soon. I'll be twenty next Friday.
Aunt Joan: Oh, really? Are you going to have a party?

Emma: I'm going to have a meal in a restaurant with a few friends.
Aunt Joan: That'll be nice.

WILL

 

Will mang nghĩa trung lập. Chúng ta sử dụng will để nói về những sự thật trong tương lai:

I'll be twenty next Friday.

The spacecraft will come down in the Pacific

Ocean tomorrow morning.

BE GOING TO

 

Chúng ta sử dụng be going to để nói về những dự định hoặc những điều chúng ta vừa mới quyết định:

We're going to have a meal.

Tom is going to sell his car.

 

• Will không diễn tả dự định:
It's her birthday. She's going to have a meal with her friends, KHÔNG DÙNG She'll have a meal

 Tuy nhiên chúng ta thường dùng be going to cho những dự định và dùng will cho các chi tiết hoặc lời nhận xét:
        We're all going to have a meal. There'll be about ten of us. ~ Oh, that'll be nice.

• Chúng ta có thể sử dụng thì Hiện tại tiếp diễn với ý nghĩa như dùng be going to
We're going to drive/We're driving down to the South of France. ~ That'll be a long journey.
Yes, it’ll take two days. We'll arrive on Sunday.


 

  B.   Quyết định và dự định
 

WILL

 

Dùng “will” cho những quyết định hoặc sự đồng ý tức thời để làm một việc gì đó:

There's a postbox over there. I'll post these letters.

You still haven't put those shelves up, Trevor. ~

OK, I'll do it tomorrow

Trevel vừa mới quyết định làm việc đó vào ngày mai

BE GOING TO

 

Dùng “be going to” cho những việc dự định sẽ làm:

I'm going out. I'm going to post these letters.

You still haven't put those shelves up, Trevor. ~ I

know. I'm going to do it tomorrow

Trevel đã có dự định sẽ làm việc đó vào ngày mai

 

C.   Dự đoán

WILL

 

Chúng ta có thể dùng “will” để nói về dự đoán của tương lai:

I think United will win the game. One day people will travel to Mars.

BE GOING TO

 

Chúng ta dùng “be going to” để nói về những dự đoán sắp xảy ra ở tương lai dựa vào tình huống ở hiện tại:

There isn't a cloud in the sky. lt's going to be a lovely day.

This bag isn't very strong. It's going to break.

  • Chúng ta có thể dùng “will” hoặc “be going to” cho một dự đoán.
Ví dụ: I think United are going to win the game. Hoặc I think United will win the game.
• Thông thường, “be going to” mang nghĩa thân mật hơn “will”

 BÀI TẬP LUYỆN TẬP

1.     Hoàn thành đoạn hội thoại, sử dụng “will” hoặc “be going to”

? Vicky: Have you got a ticket for the play?

   Daniel: Yes, I'm going to see (see) it on Thursday.

? Harriet: The alarm's going. It's making an awful noise.

   Mike: OK, I'll switch (switch) it off.

1  Daniel: Did you buy this book?

Matthew: No, Emma did. She……………………………………… (read) it on holiday.

2  Laura: Would you like tea or coffee?

Sarah: Oh, I………….. ..........................................(have) coffee, please.

3  Trevor: I'm going to miss a good film on TV because I'll be out tonight.

Laura: I ............................................................(video) it for you, if you like.

4  Rachel: I'm just going out to get a paper.

Emma: What newspaper ...............................................………. (you / buy)?

2.     Bạn sẽ nói gì trong những tình huống sau? Sử dụng “will” hoặc “be going to” để viết lại câu.

► You want to express your intention to look round the museum.

    Your friend: Do you have any plans for this afternoon?

    You: Yes, I'm going to look round the museum.

1. You hate dogs. Dogs always attack you if they get the chance.

    Your friend: That dog doesn't look very friendly.

    You: It's coming towards us ....................................

2. You predict the landing of aliens on the earth in the next ten years.

    Your friend: All this talk about aliens is complete nonsense, isn't it?

    You: Is it? I think .........................................


3. You know that your friend's sister has decided to get married.

    Your friend: Have you heard about my sister?

    You: Well, I heard that ........................................


4. You suddenly decide you want to invite Ilona for a meal.

Your friend: Did you know Ilona will be in town next weekend?

3.     Sử dụng “will” hoặc “be going to” để hoàn thành bản tin về làng Brickfield. Trong một số trường hợp có thể dùng cả “will” và “be going to”

We have learned this week that the local council has plans for Westside Park in Brickfield.

The council (►) is going to sell (sell) the land to a builder, Forbes and Son. The plans are all ready.

'(1)…………………………………….. (we / build) fifty houses,' said Mr Forbes. 'In two years' time everything (2)………………………………….. (be) finished. I'm sure people (3)………………………………….. (like) the houses. Most of them (4)………… ....... (be) for young families. And we intend to take care of the environment. (5)…………………………………… (we / not / cut) down all the trees, only a few of them.' But people living near the park are angry. 'This is a terrible idea. We're all against it,' said Mrs Mary Brent. '(6)…………………. (we / have) a protest march on Saturday. I expect everyone in Brickfield (7)…............................. (be) there. We've reached our decision. (8)……………………………….. ..............(we / stop) this plan.

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